Network Press and the Network Press logo are trademarks of SYBEX Inc. of this book was published under the title Novell's ® Complete Encyclopedia of Networking . ago there was much less need to know about wireless communications. McGraw-Hill's Encyclopedia of Networking and Telecommunication (Network Professional's Library) [Tom Sheldon] on meiriseamamo.tk *FREE* shipping on. This section contains free e-books and guides on Computer Networking & Data Communication, some of the resources in this section can be viewed online and .
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This page is about Tom Sheldon's 'Encyclopedia of Networking and Telecommunications,' a concise reference for networking and telecommunications. Engineering Signals & Communication. cover Print + eBook ca. Encyclopedia of Wireless Networks is expected to provide comprehensive references to key. ISBN: (eBook) For more information on e-book(s) and Print The Convergence of the Internet and Telecommunication Networks. 7.
Read more reviews of the third edition Read reviews of the second edition Updates and Addendums. download the Book. Download Download the electronic version of the The Encyclopedia of Networking, 2nd edition It's free!
Extensive cross-referencing throughout helps you understand the relationship among the technologies. This is a must-have resource for every network professional, as well as technology investors, marketing managers, head hunters, technology writers, and anyone interested in networking. The book also includes the most comprehensive guide to the Internet engineering documents RFCs available today. The clarity. These definitions are utterly unambiguous.
The depth. Sheldon tells you enough to take the next step whether it's participating in a meeting or planning a download. The breadth. There are well over 1, definitions here. The similarly sized, CD-ROMed, and priced "Microsoft Encyclopedia of Networking" does not compare in range of topics, quality of research, or depth of coverage: Sheldon wins on all counts.
I have no reservations about recommending this work as a useful communications reference. To be honest, I can't stop reading it. I have yet to encounter anything like this book because it acts as a clearinghouse for technical information.
Wiley Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering
Or do they tend to impede its development? This concern about prudential wisdom and the good life is part of a growing philosophical interest in using the resources of classical virtue ethics to evaluate the impact of SNS and related technologies, whether these resources are broadly Aristotelian Vallor , Confucian Wong or both Ess This program of research promotes inquiry into the impact of SNS not merely on the cultivation of prudential virtue, but on the development of a host of other moral and communicative virtues, such as honesty, patience, justice, loyalty, benevolence and empathy.
The worry is that such insularity will promote extremism and the reinforcement of ill-founded opinions, while also preventing citizens of a democracy from recognizing their shared interests and experiences Sunstein Finally, there is the question of the extent to which SNS can facilitate political activism, civil disobedience and popular revolutions resulting in the overthrow of authoritarian regimes.
Commonly referenced examples include the North African revolutions in Egypt and Tunisia, with which Facebook and Twitter were respectively associated Marturano ; Frick and Oberprantacher When SNS in particular are considered in light of these questions, some distinctive considerations arise. First, sites like Facebook and Twitter as opposed to narrower SNS utilities such as LinkedIn facilitate the sharing of, and exposure to, an extremely diverse range of types of discourse.
On any given day on Facebook a user may encounter in her NewsFeed a link to an article in a respected political magazine followed by a video of a cat in a silly costume, followed by a link to a new scientific study, followed by a lengthy status update someone has posted about their lunch, followed by a photo of a popular political figure overlaid with a clever and subversive caption.
Vacation photos are mixed in with political rants, invitations to cultural events, birthday reminders and data-driven graphs created to undermine common political, moral or economic beliefs. Thus while a user has a tremendous amount of liberty to choose which forms of discourse to pay closer attention to, and tools with which to hide or prioritize the posts of certain members of her network, she cannot easily shield herself from at least a superficial acquaintance with a diversity of private and public concerns of her fellows.
This has the potential to offer at least some measure of protection against the extreme insularity and fragmentation of discourse that is incompatible with the public sphere.
Philosophers of technology often speak of the affordances or gradients of particular technologies in given contexts Vallor insofar as they make certain patterns of use more attractive or convenient for users while not rendering alternative patterns impossible.
Third, one must ask whether SNS can skirt the dangers of a plebiscite model of democratic discourse, in which minority voices are inevitably dispersed and drowned out by the many. Existing SNS lack the institutional structures necessary to ensure that minority voices enjoy not only free, but qualitatively equal access to the deliberative function of the public sphere. Fourth, one must also consider the quality of informational exchanges on SNS and the extent to which they promote a genuinely dialogical public sphere marked by the exercise of critical rationality.
While we have noted above that exposure to well-informed opinions and reliable evidential sources is facilitated by many of the most popular SNS, exposure does not guarantee attention or consumption. Many scholars worry that in SNS environments, substantive contributions to civic discourse increasingly function as flotsam on a virtual sea of trivially amusing or shallow content, weakening the civic habits and practices of critical rationality that we need in order to function as well-informed and responsible democratic citizens Carr ; Ess Furthermore, while the most popular SNS do promote norms of responsive practice, these norms tend to privilege brevity and immediate impact over substance and depth in communication; Vallor suggests that this bodes poorly for the cultivation of those communicative virtues essential to a flourishing public sphere.
For example, the norms of academic freedom in the U. It remains to be seen what equilibrium can be found between civility and free expression in communities increasingly mediated by SNS communications. There is also the question of whether SNS will necessarily preserve a democratic ethos as they come to reflect increasingly pluralistic and international social networks. An even more pressing question is whether civic discourse and activism on SNS will be compromised or manipulated by the commercial interests that currently own and manage the technical infrastructure.
This concern is driven by the growing economic power and political influence of companies in the technology sector, and the potentially disenfranchising and disempowering effects of an economic model in which users play a fundamentally passive role Floridi Indeed, the relationship between social media users and service providers has become increasingly contentious, as users struggle to demand more privacy, better data security and more effective protections from online harassment in an economic context where they have little or no direct bargaining power.
This imbalance was powerfully illustrated by the revelation in that Facebook researchers had quietly conducted psychological experiments on users without their knowledge, manipulating their moods by altering the balance of positive or negative items in their News Feeds Goel The study adds yet another dimension to growing concerns about the ethics and validity of social science research that relies on SNS-generated data Buchanan and Zimmer Ironically, in the power struggle between users and SNS providers, social networking platforms themselves have become the primary battlefield, where users vent their collective outrage in an attempt to force service providers into responding to their demands.
The results are sometimes positive, as when Twitter users, after years of complaining, finally shamed the company in into providing better reporting tools for online harassment. The only clear consensus emerging from the considerations outlined here is that if SNS are going to facilitate any enhancement of a Habermasian public sphere, or the civic virtues and praxes of reasoned discourse that any functioning public sphere must presuppose, then users will have to actively mobilize themselves to exploit such an opportunity Frick and Oberprantacher Each of these forms of criminal or antisocial behavior has a history that well pre-dates Web 2.
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Nevertheless, cybercrime is an enduring topic of philosophical interest for the broader field of computer ethics, and the migration to and evolution of such crime on SNS platforms raises new and distinctive ethical issues. Among those of great ethical importance is the question of how SNS providers ought to respond to government demands for user data for investigative or counterterrorism purposes.
SNS providers are caught between the public interest in crime prevention and their need to preserve the trust and loyalty of their users, many of whom view governments as overreaching in their attempts to secure records of online activity. Another emerging ethical concern is the increasingly political character of cyberharassment and cyberstalking. In the U. For victims of doxxing and associated cyberthreats of physical violence, traditional law enforcement bodies offer scant protection, as these agencies are often ill-equipped or unmotivated to police the blurry boundary between virtual and physical harms.
Social Networking Services and Metaethical Issues A host of metaethical questions are raised by the rapid emergence of SNS as a dominant medium of interpersonal connection. For example, SNS lend new data to the existing philosophical debate Tavani ; Moor about whether classical ethical traditions such as utilitarianism, Kantian ethics or virtue ethics possess sufficient resources for illuminating the ethical implications of emerging information technologies, or whether we require a new ethical framework to handle such phenomena.
This interdisciplinary ethical framework aims to analyze how particular moral values are embedded in specific technologies, allowing for the disclosure of otherwise opaque tendencies of a technology to shape moral practice. Other scholars have suggested that technologies such as SNS invite renewed attention to existing ethical approaches such as pragmatism van den Eede , virtue ethics Vallor feminist or care ethics Hamington ; Puotinen that have often been neglected by applied ethicists in favor of conventional utilitarian and deontological resources.
A related metaethical project relevant to SNS is the development of an explicitly intercultural information ethics Ess a; Capurro ; Honglaradom and Britz SNS and other emerging information technologies do not reliably confine themselves to national or cultural boundaries, and this creates a particular challenge for applied ethicists.
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For example, SNS practices in different countries must be analyzed against a conceptual background that recognizes and accommodates complex differences in moral norms and practices concerning, for example, privacy Capurro ; Hongladarom Alternatively, the very possibility of a coherent information ethics may come under challenge, for example, from a constructivist view that emerging socio-technological practices like SNS continually redefine ethical norms—such that our analyses of SNS and related technologies are not only doomed to operate from shifting ground, but from ground that is being shifted by the intended object of our ethical analysis.
Finally, there are pressing practical concerns about whether and how philosophers can actually have an impact on the ethical profile of emerging technologies such as SNS.
If philosophers direct their ethical analyses only to other philosophers, then such analyses may function simply as ethical postmortems of human-technology relations, with no opportunity to actually pre-empt, reform or redirect unethical technological practices. But to whom else can, or should, these ethical concerns be directed: SNS users? Regulatory bodies and political institutions? SNS software developers?
How can the theoretical content and practical import of these analyses be made accessible to these varied audiences? What motivating force are they likely to have?
Bar-Tura, A. Wittkower ed. Barnes, S. Baym, N. Consalvo and C.
Ess eds. Bohman, J.
Weckert eds. Borgmann, A. Boyd, D. Buckingham Ed. Brey, P.
Briggle, A. Buchanan, E. Zalta ed. Himma and H. Tavani eds. Carr, N. Cocking, D. Consalvo, M. Dahlberg, L. Dreyfus, H. Feenberg and D. Barney eds. Elder, A. Elgesem, D. Ess ed. Ellison, N. Ess, C. Ess, ed. Cavalier ed.
Ess and M. Thorseth eds. Feenberg, A. Floridi, L. Frick, M. Friedersdorf, C. Froding, B. Giles, D. Goel, V. Grodzinsky, F. Habermas, J. Hamington, M. Hampton, K.Recently Added Books. Open Book Project - This site, which is dedicated to the free and open dissemination of knowledge, is a great place to find free textbooks and other educational materials.
Communications and Networking. As Dreyfus puts it: …the Net frees people to develop new and exciting selves. Puotinen, S. His research interests include wireless network security, applied cryptography, computer forensics, software security, and wireless networking and mobile computing. Biblomania Reference - The Biblomania Reference Section contains a decent collection of dictionaries, thesauruses, books of quotations and other free reference materials.